It is easy to get confused in the abundance of varieties and hybrids of tomatoes in our time. But the gardener usually knows exactly what he wants. True, he wants to eat delicious fresh tomatoes, as early as possible, and spin a dozen or two jars for the winter. Can one variety fit all needs? Maybe there are universal tomatoes. And one of them is the F1 Verliok hybrid.
Description of the Verlioka variety, its characteristics, growing region
Verlioka's tomato was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 1990, intended for greenhouse cultivation throughout the territory of our country. However, for some reason the description of the hybrid is missing in the document. But there is another entry dated 2006, and it refers to a hybrid called Verlioka plus. This is where some oddities begin. This hybrid is recommended for cultivation in the northernmost and southernmost regions. It is difficult to give an explanation for this: after all, if we are talking about a greenhouse, then why not plant a tomato for the Leningrad Region in the Moscow region, and why plant a tomato in a greenhouse in the North Caucasus region at all? Although ... Probably to enjoy the fruits in the spring, because the hybrid belongs to the early maturing.
From numerous articles, it can be understood that both versions of Verlioki are quite similar to each other and have excellent characteristics, except that the updated hybrid has slightly larger fruits. Verlioka is referred to as semi-determinant tomatoes: the height of the bushes depends on agricultural technology, usually it is maintained in the range of 1.5–2 m. The leaves are below average, the foliage of the bushes is average.
Fruits ripen early: the first harvest is ready to be harvested in about 3.5 months after sowing the seeds, tomatoes are collected in bunches of 5-10 pieces. At the same time, the positive quality of the hybrid is that almost all fruits are of the same size: they are medium-sized, weighing from 70 to 100 g, round in shape. They acquire a bright red color, characteristic of ripe tomatoes, evenly, the harvest ripens together.
The fruits of the Verliok tomato are like copies of each other: even size, regular shape
The fruits have a dense skin; they practically do not crack during ripening. The taste is sweetish, full-bodied, according to the assessments of tasters and numerous amateurs - good or even excellent. The yield is very good: with proper care, up to 7 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one bush, which means at least 20 kg per square meter. If necessary, tomatoes can be harvested unripe, they perfectly fit during storage, including during transportation, which is easy to carry. This fact makes the hybrid attractive commercially.
The purpose of the fruits is universal: they are tasty in various salads, and in the variant they ate right next to the garden, and in numerous variants of blanks. Tomatoes are wonderfully located in any glass jars, they do not crack when filled with preservative solutions. If an excess harvest is obtained, it can be directed to the production of juice, tomato paste, various sauces.
Unfortunately, the hybrid does not feel well outdoors; it can only be planted outside greenhouses in the warmest regions. However, it easily tolerates forced drought and even bears fruit well in partial shade. Forming a bush and tying it to strong supports are required, but in general this tomato is classified as unpretentious.
Separately taken fruits of Verlioka look like toys: they have the correct shape, even color, and if you put several copies side by side, it seems that they are copied from each other.
In shape and color, Verliok is a completely traditional tomato
Tomatoes on the bushes ripen in clusters, and this leads to the fact that during the period of mass fruiting, leaves are almost invisible on the plants, since there are a lot of fruits.
There are so many tomatoes on the bush that it is not clear how he keeps them and how he feeds them
Advantages and disadvantages, features, differences from other varieties
The Verlioka tomato is highly popular with both ordinary summer residents and farmers who grow tomatoes for sale. This is due to its merits, the list of which is quite large:
- early ripening;
- very high, especially for early ripe tomatoes, yield;
- versatility of fruit use;
- uniform ripening of the crop;
- excellent presentation;
- the possibility of harvesting unripe fruits with subsequent ripening during transportation;
- high disease resistance;
- tolerance to lack of lighting and fluctuations in temperature and humidity.
The disadvantages include, for example, the fact that, with an excellent appearance, the fruits are loose, they are not stored for long. In addition, for all its unpretentiousness to growing conditions, the hybrid requires the obligatory qualified formation of a bush, without which the yield is sharply reduced.
The main feature of the hybrid, probably, should be considered the evenness of the fruits: they have practically the same size within the bush and ripen almost simultaneously. Some gardeners consider this a disadvantage, wanting to prolong fruiting. However, there are a lot of other varieties that bear fruit from the beginning of July until frost, but we also need those that can be harvested almost instantly. Such, for example, is the well-known pickling variety Novichok, due to the amicability of fruit ripening of which mechanical harvesting is possible. You can't trust a Verliok to a machine: the fruits are quite tender, you need to remove them only with your hands.
There are many varieties of early tomatoes that have similar fruits to those of Verlioki. Even the old variety White filling bears fruit with rounded red tomatoes! But it is inappropriate to compare them with each other: both the yield, and the growing conditions, and the size of the bush are very different for them. Perhaps the closest to Verlioke is the Blagovest hybrid F1: both agricultural technology and external signs are similar. Well, if you have a choice, it's always good!
Features of planting and growing tomato Verlioka
Verlioka is a typical early ripening tomato of early ripening, intended for greenhouse conditions. Therefore, his agricultural technology is based on these signs, it does not mean anything extraordinary. Since the hybrid is grown in greenhouses, the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings depends not only on the climate of the region, but also on the quality of the greenhouse. Tomatoes can be transplanted into an ordinary film greenhouse in the middle lane in early or mid-May, so sowing seeds at home is possible at the very beginning of March. If the climate is more severe, the dates are shifted, but the most extreme is the beginning of April.
Since Verlioka is a hybrid of the first generation, it is pointless to take your seeds from his harvest, they must be bought in the store. And there you can buy seeds, including those completely ready for planting. At least, if this is not an obvious fake (seeds must be taken from well-known companies), then even their preventive disinfection is not required. There is no point in hardening: after all, the seedlings will be planted in the greenhouse. You don't need to soak the seeds: after all, this process accelerates the emergence of seedlings only for 1–2 days. So the seed preparation is canceled.
Many gardeners also buy soil in the store, usually they do not need to do anything with it. But if the soil is prepared independently, it must be moisture and air permeable. This is achieved by mixing equal amounts of peat, turf and humus. It is better to disinfect your soil by spilling it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
The use of purchased soil for seedlings eliminates the operation of its disinfection
If the summer resident is not going to force the cellar with dozens of cans, a small number of Verlioki bushes will be enough for him, then you can sow the seeds immediately into separate peat pots. But nevertheless, they try to grow tomato seedlings with a pick, from this it becomes stronger. Therefore, it is better to sow seeds in a small box, to a depth of about 1.5 cm. Seedlings will appear in a maximum of a week, after which the box must be immediately placed on a cool, lighted windowsill.
After five days, the temperature is returned to normal room temperature, and after another week, the seedlings are planted in separate cups (preferably peat pots) with a volume of at least a standard glass. During the entire period of growing seedlings, it is sometimes watered, but in moderation. If the soil is good, it is better to do without top dressing. Only when the growth stops, the seedlings can be watered with ash infusion or a weak solution of azophoska.
It is important when growing seedlings to provide it with sufficient lighting.
Despite the fact that the seedlings are not transplanted into open ground in May, it is better to pull her nerves a week before that: periodically take them out to the balcony, dry the soil, etc. Tempering will be beneficial. Tomatoes are planted in the greenhouse when the soil warms up and the night air temperatures in it cease to fall below 10 aboutFROM.
You should not thicken the planting: the minimum distance between the bushes is 40 cm, optimally, no more than three bushes per square meter. The planting technique is common, even in a greenhouse it is better to plant tomatoes in the evening or at least in cloudy weather.
- They dig with a scoop in the designated places of the hole larger than the size of the cups with seedlings, local fertilizer is applied to each. This can be half a glass of wood ash or a tablespoon of azofoska. The fertilizer is mixed with the ground, and then the hole is well watered.
Some gardeners add onion skins and eggshells to the holes
- Carefully take out the seedlings from the cups with a lump of earth and place them in the prepared holes, deepening to the cotyledonous leaves. If the seedlings have outgrown, they must be planted obliquely.
When extracting seedlings, it is important not to disturb the root system.
- Water the bushes with water at a temperature of 25-30 aboutWith and slightly mulch the soil with humus or peat.
When watering planted seedlings, it is advisable not to wet the leaves
It is advisable to drive in strong stakes or build a common trellis for tying immediately after planting, while the bushes have not grown much. It will be necessary to tie up the bushes soon, as soon as they resume their growth in a new place.
Greenhouse bush care
Absolutely all operations in growing Verliok's tomato are well known to gardeners: watering, loosening the soil, weeding from weeds, as well as several dressings, the obligatory and timely formation of a bush, tying it to strong stakes or trellises. They try to water the tomatoes in the evening, after waiting for the water to warm up in containers in the sun. Excess water should not be given to tomatoes, but the soil should not be allowed to dry out clearly. In greenhouses, too high relative humidity of the air is very dangerous, therefore, especially with the forced introduction of a large amount of water, ventilation of the greenhouse must not be neglected. In general, the greenhouse should be left open for a day, except in cases of obvious cold snaps.
Tomatoes especially need water during the period of flowering and pouring of fruits, and then, as they ripen, it is necessary to water less often and less.
Until the bushes grow, after watering it is necessary to loosen the soil, while fighting weeds. Tomatoes must be fed: this must be done regardless of how well the garden has been cooked in the fall. The first feeding is carried out 12-15 days after the tomato seedlings are planted, and then it is carried out several more times per season. You can use any formulations for feeding, but with the onset of reddening of the fruits, nitrogen should not be added: they are limited to superphosphate and wood ash.
Verlioki bushes are formed into one or (more often) two stems. The second stem is a strong stepson, picked at a comfortable height. The rest of the stepsons are subject to unconditional breaking out when they grow back to a size of several centimeters. A feature of the agricultural technology of this hybrid is that the central stem is pinched after the formation of the fourth (and sometimes third) fruit cluster. In this case, the severity of the crop will be optimally distributed between the main stem and the abandoned stepson.
When breaking out stepchildren, you need to leave small stumps so that they do not grow again
This tomato is tied several times over the summer: first, it is about tying the stems, and then the brushes with the fruits. This should be done carefully, using any soft twine or knitting cut from old sheets. Over time, it will become clear which leaves interfere with the ripening of the fruit: they are removed. As the bushes grow, all the lower leaves are removed, up to the first fruit cluster.
If the greenhouse is ventilated on time, the incidence of Verlioki is practically excluded. At least most gardeners do not even carry out any preventive spraying. But if suddenly some pests have climbed into the greenhouse, it is necessary to use folk remedies as soon as possible: infusions of garlic, onion husks, wood ash, etc. This will allow not to bring matters to the use of chemical insecticides.
Video: Verlioka tomato in a greenhouse
The Verlioka tomato is a bright representative of early maturing hybrids for universal use. It is grown in greenhouses, where it gives very high yields of uniform, small fruits that are distinguished by good taste and can be used in any form. The agricultural technology of the hybrid is simple, so it has enjoyed well-deserved popularity for almost three decades.
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Characteristics and description of the variety Verlioka F1
Verlioka is a relatively old variety: created in 1986, entered in the register in 1990. The hybrid is recommended for growing in the regions of northern and central Russia, for indoor use.
The variety is early ripe, with a ripening period of 95-110 days from germination.
In the south, the hybrid can be grown outdoors, but it has no advantages over the southern varieties. Verlioka shows its best qualities in the greenhouse, showing high resistance to adverse conditions.
As a determinant, Verlioka F1 grows up to 2 m, the average stem height is 1.5-1.8 m. The diameter of the crown of the bush is about half a meter. The first lateral shoots are formed early, the internodes are elongated.
The tomato is slowly gaining green mass, the foliage is not dense. Leaves are medium in size, light in color. The inflorescences are simple. The ovaries on the bush are formed amicably. In each fruit cluster, about a dozen flowers open, but only 5-6 of them form ovaries.
Fruit taste and description
Verliok's tomatoes are rounded, bright red in color, covered with strong dense skin. Ripen evenly. Medium density, flesh may be watery. The taste is rich, sweetish, with a slight sour note. Fruit size varies slightly.
In appearance, the cultivar is similar to the hybrids Olya F1, Blagovest, Lyubasha, Evpator F1 and Tolstoy F1.
Thanks to their strong skin, tomatoes rarely crack on the bush.
The harvest of Verlioka is able to withstand even long transportation, but it is not stored for long.
The Verlioka tomato variety is intended for cultivation in a greenhouse, so breeders have achieved tolerance to the main problems of indoor ground. The tomato is insensitive to light deficiency, tolerates high air humidity, and is resistant to temperature extremes.
Verlioku is distinguished by high immunity to diseases:
- tobacco mosaic virus.
Productivity and application
The average weight of one Verlioka tomato is 70-100 g, the bush is capable of producing up to 4-4.5 kg of fruit.Taking into account the recommended planting density, this is about 15-18 kg of yield per 1 m².
The purpose of Verliok's tomatoes is universal. In terms of taste and attractiveness, tomatoes deserve the right to be included in a salad, but they are also suitable for making juice, sauces, pasta.
Since the fruits are almost the same in size, when canning, they are evenly salted and look spectacular in jars, and their thick skin does not crack under the influence of boiling water.
Reviews who planted
Many gardeners leave positive reviews about the Alsou tomato variety. They like the size and taste of the fruit, as well as the timing of their ripening. We have collected several interesting reviews from gardeners who have already dealt with this variety and shared their opinions.
Kamaliya Vladimirovna, Omsk region
Nadezhda Sergeevna, Leningrad region
Marina Ivanovna, Moscow region
Valery Evgenievich, Arkhangelsk region
Natalya Petrovna, Omsk region
Galina Vasilievna, Kostroma region
Victoria Valentinovna, Kaluga region
Svetlana Fedorovna, Sverdlovsk region