To make original fences for flower beds, it is not necessary to spend money on the purchase of special material. The simplest option is thin branches of trees and young shoots of shrubs, from which a beautiful and durable weaving will turn out.
Natural beauty and grace
Externally, fences made of wooden rods resemble baskets or traditional Ukrainian wickerwork used as a simple fence.
This original way of decorating garden beds will be an excellent solution for any site, but if your summer cottage is decorated in country style, then weaving will look especially beneficial.
In the past few years, when decorating summer cottages, landscape designers are increasingly using plants whose appearance resembles wild-growing ones.If you choose to follow these trends and fill your garden with ornamental grasses and small-flowered perennials, wicker fences around them would be the best idea.
For the manufacture of wicker fences, you can use shoots of shrubs, grapevines, as well as young branches of willow and pussy willow, the diameter of which does not exceed 1 cm. Branches and shoots with a diameter of 4-5 cm are suitable as a frame. You can find the required amount of material in the forest or not far from own site, the main thing is not to forget that breaking living trees is prohibited by law.You can only collect brushwood that you find next to the plants. But if any of the listed plants grows on your site, you won't have to go far for material.
The harvesting of shoots and branches should be started in September and can be continued until the end of March.
Store the collected material in a dry and well-ventilated area with a low humidity level (40-60%). If the humidity is too high, the wood will start to rot. In the opposite situation, the branches may dry out.
In the spring, before you start weaving fences, check all the material. If the twigs become too dry and brittle during the winter, place them in a container of warm water for several hours or even several days. Please note that the liquid must completely cover the material.
You can finish the procedure after the branches become flexible enough. After that, remove the bark from the twigs and cover them with a protective compound.
Start making the fence by securing the frame. To do this, stick pre-prepared branches of a larger diameter into the ground around the entire perimeter of the flower bed. Depending on the diameter of the flower bed, the distance between them should be 30-50 cm. When the large branches are fixed, start weaving twigs between them.This must be done from the bottom up, not forgetting to secure the first row of rods with wire. Also secure the last row of weaving with wire. The fence will be more uniform if you regularly change the direction and course of the weaving of the rods. The wicker fence will last much longer if it is installed in well-drained soil. Therefore, when choosing a place for a flower bed, try to avoid lowlands and often flooded areas of the garden.
Read also articles about other styles of landscape design: Garden in the style of minimalism, Garden in the English style, Garden in high-tech style.
A country-style garden belongs to the category of landscaped gardens, the prototype of which is nature itself. Natural gardens are usually created on fairly large areas, while taking into account and preserving the natural topography of the area and imitating the natural natural landscape. Here are the characteristic features of a garden in a natural style (this style is also called landscape style):
- lawns and lawns occupy large areas
- flower beds and other flower beds have free outlines
- plantings mostly consist of perennials
- grove-planted bushes and trees
- reservoirs by the type of natural
- winding paths and paths covered with gravel or paved with stones.
Garden style country, which is also called rustic, rural - an expressive example of this type of gardens.
What you need to know before installing a fence
The parameters of the fence according to the current legislation are not directly limited by anything. In each case, a lot depends on where the house is located:
- Agricultural land. All kinds of non-profit partnerships fall here: gardening, gardening, summer cottages. There are enough examples when summer cottages and garden houses are equipped for year-round living following the example of a country house. Now, according to the new law, they are called "Associations of Real Estate Owners". The document regulating the parameters of the fence is SP 53.13330.2011.
- Plots of individual residential construction. These include all kinds of cottage villages. The parameters of the fences are regulated by the local administration of the municipality of the inhabited locality and by the regulations of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. You can find this information in such a document as "Rules for Land Use and Development". And although the provisions of the above SP 53.13330.2011 are taken as a basis, the regions can develop their own restrictions, taking into account local specifics.
- In residential areas of settlements the requirements for fences are subject to the rules approved by the local administration.
Owners of houses on individual construction sites and in settlements, before erecting a fence, should contact the local administration and receive a written response regarding restrictions on the parameters of fences.
The requirements for fences on the sites of partnerships under the new standards have become much softer. Earlier in SNiP 30-02-97 it was indicated that the fences should not be deaf, and the height should not be more than 1.5 m. Now the height requirements have been removed from the norms, and the mesh fencing is only recommended. The decision on the type and height of fences facing the street and driveways is made at the general meeting of the partnership. And the fence between neighboring sites is chosen by mutual decision of the two owners, agreed with the board of the partnership.
What to make a fence from?
Before starting work, you need to choose a suitable vine for weaving the fence. Not every shrub is suitable for such work. The best options are hazel and willow. In terms of aesthetic appeal, willow outperforms “competitors” in all respects.
There will be no problems with the extraction of willow vines - it grows everywhere, utilitarian in any region of the country. The willow vine is characterized by a fairly tall strength and durability. Almost all types of vines can be used for weaving hedges. The best options are krasnotal (willow) and benotal.
For weaving fences, willow rods with a length of 150 cm are optimal.
It is best to cut the vines in the spring to the base of the sap, or in late summer. At the height of summer, you can cut fat rods and use them to equip the frame. In the fall, the bark of the vine takes on beautiful and varied shades.
For weaving a fence, it is best to use smooth, one-year shoots. Carefully cut them off with a sharp knife into an oblique cut.
Fences are traditionally woven from low-lying bushes and willow trees, but young aspen and other trees are often used for such work. The main thing is that the rods are elastic and even. The cut rods should be dried and folded in small bunches for storage.
To equip a large fence, you need rather thick rods with a diameter of 20-30 cm. A small fence can be woven from a vine with a diameter of 10-20 mm.
After harvesting the vine, if possible, it is necessary to let it "rest" for at least one season. After that, the bark will be very easy to come off the twigs, even without additional processing.
If necessary, the paint of the rods can be changed at your discretion. For example, to whiten twigs, they need to be treated with ordinary hydrogen peroxide. To give the material other colors, use the appropriate products. For example, you can paint the rods in coffee using a solution of potassium permanganate, and stain will allow you to get a shade close to wenge.
You can give twigs a gray-brown color with a solution of iron sulfate, and varnishing will make the vine unusually beautiful. Glossy and matt varnish can be used. Matte looks a lot beautiful and organic.
Place the thick lids in water to remove the bark from the rods. In the water, the vine will begin to produce juice. Leave the rods in the water for 7-10 days, and then you can start cleaning. If the bark does not come off very well, leave the vine in the water for another week. If you don't have enough time, you can turn to even more radical methods, for example, evaporating the material for a couple. After such heating, the bark will be removed from the twigs without undue effort.
It is the stage of preparing the rods for weaving that is the most lengthy and tedious. Try different methods of cleaning the bark, experiment until you find the most relaxed cleaning option for your case.
You also need to prepare the material for the fence stakes. Pine branches with a diameter of 5 cm do an excellent job with this role. From the bottom, the pegs need to be sharpened. In the future, they will be dug into the ground to a depth of 25-30 cm, therefore, the lower ends of the branches must first be treated with an antiseptic weapon.
Do-it-yourself wicker fence: features of the fence
A regular wattle fence is a lightweight fence of shoots and flexible branches. In such a fence, chaotic lines and an artisanal structure stand out. The material is used in its natural form, almost without being processed. If you need to create a rustic surroundings or the atmosphere of an old courtyard, first of all you should take care of the appearance of the fence. Depending on the direction of the rods, wicker fences are divided into horizontal and vertical. The first option is usually more dense and takes a lot more branches. Live fences are also popular. They look fresher, and sometimes they are additionally decorated with a hedge of lush plants. Wattle refers to the type of structures that can be made without special education.
Wicker fences are mainly decorative structures, because they are rarely erected to a height of more than 1.5 m.There are also high modifications, but this option is not always justified, since large dimensions do not solve the problem of the fragility of the material itself, and in a large fence there will be more slots and they, in principle, will become larger.
You can make a wicker fence from any pliable rods.
The above nuances imply frequent repairs of the fence, as well as the greater openness of the site for viewing by strangers. The main advantages of wattle fence are low cost and lightness of consumables. Wicker fences are relevant to this day and are combined with many styles of site decoration.
Manufacturers offer a new type of fencing - a metal picket fence. It differs from the profiled sheet in that there is a gap between the metal strips. They are not so hot in the sun, because they are blown by the wind. Euro shtaketnik does not impede air circulation.
It is mounted in the same way as a metal profile. They are made by cold rolling of galvanized tape. Like the profiled sheet, it is covered with a polymer protective layer.
- robustness, reliability, long service life
- wide range of colors, imitation wood floor
- the picket fence has a different shape, height, width
- light weight, therefore installation on wooden, metal supports is possible
- withstands exposure to sunlight, aggressive environment
- easy to care for, no need to paint.
A variety of shapes allows you to choose the most appropriate option for installing a front garden fence. The double euro bar is fastened in a staggered manner, on both sides to the transverse bar. The advantage of the fence is that it is less visible, at the same time does not interfere with the movement of air masses. A low euro shtaketnik is fenced by the front gardens near the house, on the site.
Decorative fences enclosing your flower garden
Items such as an old fence, remnants of roofing tiles or wall plastic, unused metal tape on a roll, forged items and other scrap materials can be an interesting basis for creating a flower fence.
Their presence, in various configurations, will add a touch of chaos and modern colors to the green ornament of plants, forcing the owners and guests of the summer cottage to look at the classic forms from a different side.
The variety of design options for flower beds, at times, amazes the most experienced florist. Wood, glass, stone chips, knitting, weaving and many other materials reveal countless creative ideas of the owners of summer cottages and simply lovers of aesthetics and beauty.
Consider a few more ideas aimed at fencing for flower beds, in which improvised non-standard materials are used.
The creation and decoration of flower beds is undoubtedly a fascinating creative activity, and the flight of imagination here is hardly limited to the usual forms and materials.
Creating, against the background of favorite plants, an object of landscape art, each owner will be able to feel like a creator of something new, unusual, original. The main thing is a positive attitude and focus on a truly grandiose result.